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Yoram Shiftan, Professor

Transportation and Geo-Information Engineering
Phone: +972-4-8292381
Fax: +972-4-8225716
Address: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology Haifa 32000, Israel
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Research Interests  
Transportation system analysis
Transportation and air quality
Activity based modeling
Travel behavior

Yoram Shiftan is a Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering in the Technion, and the Head of the Transportation Research Institute.  Currently an Israel Institute Visiting Faculty at Northwestern University.  Prof. Shiftan teaches and conducts research in travel behavior with a focus on activity-based modeling and response to policies, the complex relationships between transport, the environment and land use, transport economics and project evaluation.  Prof. Shiftan is the editor of Transport Policy and was the previous chair of the International Association of Travel Behavior Research (IATBR).  He is a member of the Transportation Research Board (TRB) Committees of the Public Transportation Marketing and Fare Policy Committee (AP030), and the Committee on Metropolitan Policy, Planning, and Processes (ADA20), and a past member of the Travel Behavior and Values Committee (ADB10).  He  a member of the World Conference Transportation Research (WCTR) scientific committee, and chair of its Transport Security Special Interest Group was the co-chair of the Network on European Communications and Transport Activities Research (NECTAR) cluster on Environment and Policy,. He was also the previous Head of the Department of Transportation and Geo-Information Engineering in the Tehcnion.  Prof. Shiftan received his Ph.D. from MIT and since then has published dozens of papers and co-edited  Four books.   In Israel, Prof. Shiftan was the president of the Israel Association of Transportation Research and chaired two of its annual conferences.


In 2001-2003 Prof. Shiftan was a visiting professor in the School of Public Policy at George Mason University, VA, and in 2007-2008 he was a visiting professor at the Alfred Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning in University of Michigan and in the Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering in Ohio State University.   .



Rabin Bldg., Room 710


Teaching Activities

Transportation Planning

Travel Demand Modeling

Transportation Economics

Transport Project Evaluation


Research Interests and Contributions

Prof. Shiftan research centers on transportation system analysis with a concentrated focus on travel demand. He develops and uses mathematical models and the methods involved in their application to predict, plan, and analyze the demand for travel and the accompanying performance of transportation systems. Ultimately, his goal is to understand and articulate what kinds of transportation we need. To do so he builds a combination of theoretical constructs, behavioral assumptions, and methodologies to analyze demand flows, and their attendant considerations: the factors that affect this demand; how the physical and organizational elements of transportation function and interact with each other; and how the use of these systems impact the economy, the environment, human safety, and various social objectives


The models that Prof. Shiftan develop to better analyze travel demand are related to the econometric theories developed by Professor Daniel McFadden, the 2000 Nobel Laureate in Economics, and further developed and applied to transportation by Professor Moshe Ben-Akiva. His research also attempts to expand these models by integrating insights from psychology and behavioral economics, such as theories on judgment and decision-making developed by Professor Daniel Kahneman, the 2002 Nobel Laureate in Economics. Prof. Shiftan sees great intellectual challenge in combining aspects of economics, psychology, and engineering to analyze the complexities of transportation and urban systems


Prof. Shiftan main contributions can be summarized in three inter-related directions:

1. Development of Activity-Based Models


Activity-based models take traditional models of travel demand a step forward by deriving the demand for travel from the demand for participating in activities. Although the concept of activity-based modeling is not new, manipulating it for full-scale transportation planning is not a trivial step. Prof. Shiftan has been one of the pioneers both in developing the models and in attendant methods to materialize those models, by creating practical tools for engineers and planners. In brief, he has been:

  • The first scholar to develop trip-chaining models in the United States (Shiftan, 1998). This work has made a breakthrough in the development and application of activity-based models and the ability to model the complex relations among trips an individual makes through the day.
  • One of the main contributors to the first full activity-based model demonstration (Bowman et al., 1999).
  • The first to demonstrate the advantages of such models for policy analysis and air-quality purposes (Shiftan, 2000; Shiftan & Suhrbier, 2002).
  • The first to analyze the trade-off between model complexity and behavior realism to make such models both practical and policy sensitive (Shiftan & Ben-Akiva, 2011).
  • The first to use the activity-based paradigm to research the relationships between travel behavior and safety and to better analyze the risk of being involved in road crashes (Elias et al., 2010).
  • An initiator and leader in the design of the new activity-based model for Tel Aviv, one of the first full-scale activity-based models used by a major metropolitan transportation-planning agency. This model is now used for all transportation-planning applications in the Tel Aviv metropolitan area (e.g., the planning of the new light rail system), making Israel a world leader in innovative travel demand models. Given the success of this model, Jerusalem is currently also developing such a model.
  • Developing a new method of integrating the activity-based paradigm with land use and other long-term lifestyle decisions to improve our understanding of these complex relationships (Shiftan, 2008). 
  • Developing and teaching a new graduate course on the topic.


2. Analysis and Evaluation of Transportation Projects


Governments must choose among different transportation investments all competing for limited resources. Therefore, accurate analysis and evaluation of potential impacts is a critical element in planning transportation systems. Prof. Shiftan has contributed in two main ways to this essential endeavor:

  • By studying travelers' responses to various new transport policies and their potential impact on the transportation system with emphasis on new and emerging policies such as parking and congestion pricing (Shiftan, 2001; Shiftan & Burd-Eden, 2001; Shiftan & Suhrbier, 2002; Shiftan & Golani, 2005). Prof. Shiftan developed advanced survey methods and models of disaggregate travel demand analysis and improved understanding of travelers' responses to such policies. Given the complexity of fully evaluating large numbers of possible solutions, he also developed and employed scenario analysis as an alternative approach to predicting the future of transportation systems and identify gaps between expected and desired scenarios (Shiftan et al., 2003).
  • By improving the methods used to evaluate transport projects including new ways to quantify their costs and benefits (Shiftan et al., 2002, Shiftan et al., 2008). His investigations of the complex relationships between travel demand modeling and project evaluation have revealed, for example, that our current usage of travel-demand models actually bias us in favor of highway projects (Shiftan et al., 2008). Prof. Shiftan is currently developing methods to incorporate equity into our evaluations, so we can accurately gage the spatial and socioeconomic distribution of transport projects and their benefits (Nahmias-Biran et al., 2014).


Despite today's increased awareness of social issues, none of the official guides for transport evaluation around the globe discuss equity issues. The need to correct this gap was acknowledged recently when Prof. Shiftan led and was granted, together with several European colleagues, the TEA COST project on this topic. Last December, he hosted an international workshop at the Technion that featured 40 participants (researchers and policymakers) from Europe, as well as senior policymakers from Israel.

Prof. Shiftan was the academic leader in developing the new Israeli guidelines for transport project appraisal, known as Nohal Perat.  Every proposed investment in transportation in Israel has to go through an economic evaluation and impact-assessment process according to these guidelines. The new process incorporates various approaches to evaluating transport projects that Prof. Shiftan has developed. He also developed and currently teaches a graduate course on transport project appraisal.  


3. Development of Methods of Travel Behavior Analysis


Travel behavior assesses how people make choices regarding travel: how much they travel, for what purposes, where they go, at what times, and by which modes and routes. Prof. Shiftan has advanced various analytical travel behavior tools, thereby improving understanding of the decision-making process:

  • By integrating psychological factors, including decision theories from psychology and behavioral economics, into travel behavior modeling in order to improve our predictions of travel behavior, especially in light of new communication and information technologies (Ben-Elia et al., 2008, Ben Elia & Shiftan, 2010, Shiftan et al., 2011, Ben-Elia et al., 2013, Ben-Elia et al., 2013). For example, he showed the impact of experience and reinforced learning on travel behavior decisions (Ben Elia & Shiftan, 2010).
  • By developing a method to investigate the impact of various attitudinal and other latent personal factors on travel choices, using the structural equation approach (Shiftan et al., 2008, Elias & Shiftan, 2012). This method has become quite popular in travel behavior and these papers have been widely cited.
  • By improving methods to analyze travel behavior when travelers face a large number of available alternatives. This is a common situation when one has to choose, for example, among many destinations (e.g., for leisure trips) or between various combinations of travel destination, mode, and time. (The two bullet points below offer further details about this aspect of Prof. Shiftan research.)
  • By developing a two-stage approach to analyzing how people make choices. In the first stage, the method reduces the number of alternatives through simple heuristic rules that mimic those that humans use; the second stage employs a compensatory approach, in which one considers the trade-offs among various alternatives and chooses between the reduced set of useful alternatives (Kaplan et al., 2009, Kaplan et al., 2011, Kaplan et al., 2011, Kaplan et al., 2012, Kaplan et al., 2012).   
  • By developing a flexible model structure to better understand individuals' choice, recognizing that different segments of the population apply different protocols in making a decision. The various ways we make choices requires a variety of model structures, so this heterogeneity in our analysis improves our ability to understand variations in travel behavior (Ishaq et al., 2012, Ishaq et al., 2013, Ishaq et al., forthcoming).

Through these intertwined contributions, Prof. Shiftan has significantly contributed to advancing our understanding of travel behavior, including individual responses to various transport policies and the ongoing technological innovations in the field. The cumulative result is an enhanced understanding of how we move and why, and how governments can build transportation that is more beneficial for us all.


Technion and Department Activities

Yoram served as the Head of the Department of Transportation and Geo-Information Engineering from 2008 to 2012, during which time he prepared the department for the international evaluation committee alongside various other department activities. In 2012, Yoram coordinated the Umbrella symposium with leading German institutes on sustainable urban development. He is or has been a member of various Technion committees: the Technion Permanent Teaching Committee; the Built Environment Hub Committee of the Technion-Cornell Innovative Institute (JTCII); the Inter-Department Committee on Vehicle System Engineering; and the Academic Council of the Technion Continuing Education Department.


Professional Contribution

Dr. Shiftan had a significant professional contribution both in the US and Israel.  In the US he has been a consultant and managed major projects in the area of transport policy, travel demand, and environmental impact statements as a senior associate of Cambridge Systematics  Inc., in Cambridge, MA and as independent consultants to the Federal Highway Administration as well as to various states' department of transportation.  These contributions includes among other various travel demand model development (Los Angeles, Philadelphia, Indiana state wide model and many other); travel demand analysis for major investments projects (Second Ave. subway in New York, the Central Artery in Boston, and others), toll diversion studies (Moscoso Bridge, San Juan, Puerto Rico, E-470, Denver, Colorado, and the SR 520 Bridge in Seattle), and transit market research analysis (Water Transit Authority in San Francisco, and Utah Transit authority).


In Israel, Dr. Shiftan has been a consultant on these areas to the Ministry of Transport and Road Safety, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Environmental Protection.  He serves as an expert on developing transportation systems analysis tools for the government, including leading the development of the new activity-based model for Tel Aviv (described above) and Israel's guidelines for transport project appraisal (Nohal Perat).  He was the lead researcher on major transportation investments for the Ministry of Transport and the Ministry of Finance, including the design and analysis of the national rail system and various metropolitan mass transit systems.His research has helped convince the Ministry of Finance of the need to enlarge investments in public transport (an investment that has increased enormously in the last few years). He also led the research on reforming the public transportation fares in Israel, which caused the Ministry of Transport to transform an old, complicated fare system into an integrated zone-based system, and has helped make public transportation more attractive. Yoram was also the president of the Israel Association for Transportation Research and chaired two of their annual conferences at the Technion.


Books published

Shiftan Y., K. Button and P. Nijkamp (Ed.) 'Transportation Planning' as part of the Button K. and Nijkamp P. (Ed.) 'Classics in Planning' series. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. 2007.


Geerlings, H., Shiftan, Y., and Stead, D., (Eds.) 'Transition towards Sustainable Mobility: the Role of Instruments, Individuals and Institutions'. 406 pages,  Ashgate, Surrey, England, 2012.


Attard, M., and Shiftan, Y., (Eds.), Sustainable Urban Transport, Volume 7 of the Transport and Sustainability series, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015


Hakim, S., Albert, G., and Shiftan, Y., (Eds.), Securing Transportation Systems, John Wiley & Sons Inc., NJ, 2015


Journal publications

1. Mahalel, D., Gur, Y., & Shiftan, Y., 'Manual versus Automatic Operation of Traffic Signal'  Transp. Res.-A, Vol.25A, Nos. 2/3, pp. 121-127, 1991


2. Shiftan, Y., & Wilson, N.H.M.,  'Strategic Transit Workforce Planning Model: Incorporating Overtime, Absence and Reliability Relationships'. Transportation Research Record, No. 1402 pp. 98-106, 1993


3. Shiftan, Y., & Wilson, N.H.M.,  'Absence, Overtime and Reliability Relationships in Transit Workforce Planning'.  Transportation Research, Part A, Vol. 28, pp. 245-258, 1994.


4. Shiftan Y, Suhrbier J, and Pickrell D. 'Transportation Perspective of Ozone Trends in Clean Air Act Nonattainment Areas' Transportation Research Record, No. 1520, pp. 26-34, 1996.


5. Shiftan Y. 'A Practical Approach to Model Trip Chaining' Transportation Research Record, No. 1645, pp. 17-23, 1998


6. Shiftan Y.  'Response to Parking Restrictions: Lessons from a Stated Preference Survey in Haifa and their Policy Implications' World Transport Policy and Practice. Vol. 5 No. 4, pp. 30-35, 1999.


7. Shiftan, Y.  'The Advantage of Activity-based Modeling for Air Quality Purposes: Theory versus Practice and Future Needs' Innovations, Vol. 13 No. 1, pp. 95-110.  2000.


8. Shiftan, Y., & Wilson, N.H.M.,  'The Absence Consequences of Overtime in the Transit Industry' Journal of Public Transportation, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 25-39, 2001


9. Shiftan Y., 'A Pricing Experiment to Evaluate Price Sensitivity to Toll Roads', International Journal of Transport Economics. Vol. 28, No. 1, pp. 81-94, 2001.


10. Shiftan Y. and Burd-Eden Rachel, 'Modeling Response to Parking Policy', Transportation Research Record, Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1765, pp. 27-34, 2001


11. Shiftan Y. & Suhrbier J.  'The Analysis of Travel and Emission Impacts of Travel Demand Management Strategies Using Activity-Based Models' Transportation, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 145-168, 2002.


12. Shiftan Y. & Bekhor S.  'Investigating Individual's Perceived Auto Cost', International Journal of Transport Economy.  Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 151-166, 2002.


13. Shiftan Y. & Barlach Y.  'The Effect of Employment Site Characteristics on Commute Mode choice' Transportation Research Record, Journal of the Transportation Research Board. No. 1781, pp. 19-25.  2002.


14. Shiftan Y. and Newmark G., 'The Impacts of Infill Retail Center Development on Regional Travel Patterns' Transportation Research Record, Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1805, pp. 53-59. 2002.


15. Shiftan Y, Ben-Akiva M, De Jong G, Hakkert S, Simmonds D., 'Evaluation of Externalities in Transport Projects' European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research. Vol. 2, Issue 3/4, pp. 285-304, 2002.


16. Shiftan Y., Kaplan S., and Hakkert S., 'Scenario Building as a Tool for Planning A Sustainable Transportation System.'  Transportation Research D: Transport and Environment, No 8, pp. 323-342. 2003.


17. Shiftan Y., 'Peoples' Evaluation of Urban and Suburban Characteristics: A Residential Stated Preference Model' International Journal of Transport Economics, Vol. XXX, No. 2, pp. 151-166. 2003.


18. Ben-Elia E, Shefer D., and Shiftan Y., 'Transportation Impact Statement   (T.I.S) - A New Tool for Transportation and Land Use Planning' Environment and Planning A, No. 35, Vol. 12, pp. 2177 - 2190, 2003


19. Outwater M., Castleberry S., Shiftan Y., Ben-Akiva M., Zhou Y., & Kuppam A., 'Attitudinal Market Segmentation Approach to Mode Choice and Ridership Forecasting: Structural Equation Modeling' Transport Research Record, Journal of the Transportation Research Board. No. 1854, 2003


20. Shiftan Y., Shefer D., and Avraham G., 'The Impact of Transportation Control Measures on the Location of Businesses in City Centers'. European Spatial Research Policy, Vol. 11 No. 2, 2004


21. Maggio M., and Shiftan Y., 'Governance options for a regional wireless public safety and transportation network' International Journal of Transportation Management, Vol. 2, No. 3-4, pp. 123-134, 2004


22. Poulus A., Shiftan Y., and Shmueli-Lazar S., 'Evaluation of the Waiting -Time Effect on Critical Gaps at Roundabouts by a Logit Model.  European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research  Vol. 5, no., pp. 1-12, 2005


23. Maggio M., and Shiftan Y., 'Automated Toll Road Enforcement Financial and Policy Considerations - The Case of the Dulles Toll Road' International Journal of Transport Economy, Vol XXXII, No. 3, 2005 


24. Cotrus A., Prashker J., and Shiftan Y., 'Spatial & Temporal Transferability of Trip Generation Demand Models in Israel.'  Journal of Transportation and Statistics, Vol 8, No.1, pp. 37-56, 2005


25. Shiftan Y., and Golani A., 'The effect of auto restrain policies on travel behaviour'.  Transportation Research Record,, the Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Vol. 1932, pp. 156-163, 2005


26. Shiftan Y. Vary, D. and Geyer, D. 'Demand for Park Shuttle Services - A Stated Preference Approach', Journal of Transport Geography, 14 (1), 52-59. 2006


27. Shiftan Y. and Sharaby N., 'Competition in Bus Public Transport in Israel', Transportation Research Record, the Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1986, pp. 38-45, 2006


28. Newmark G.L. and Shiftan Y., 'Examining Shoppers' Stated Willingness to Pay for Parking at Suburban Malls' Transportation Research Record, the Journal of the Transportation Research Board. No. 2010, pp 92-101, 2007


29. Shiftan Y., 'The Use of Activity-Based Modeling to Analyze the Effect of Land-Use Policies on Travel Behavior', Annals of Regional Science, Vol. 42, No. 1, pp, 79-97, 2008


30. Ben-Elia, E., Erev I. and Shiftan Y., 'The Combined Effect of Information and Experience on Drivers' Route-Choice Behavior' Transportation, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 165-177, 2008


31.  Shiftan Y., Outwater, M.L., and Zhou, Y. 'Transit Market Research Using Structural Equation Modeling and Attitudinal Market Segmentation'.  Transport Policy, Vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 186-195, 2008


32. Prashker J, Shiftan, Y and Hershkovitch-Sarusi, P. ' Residential choice location, gender and the commute trip to work in Tel Aviv' Journal of Transport Geography  Vol. 16, pp. 332-341, 2008


33. Sharaby N. and Shiftan Y. 'The Economic Benefits from Competition in Bus Public Transport - The Israeli Case'. The International Journal of Transport Economics Vol. 35, No. 3, pp. 391-415, 2008


34. Elias, W., Newmark, G., and Shiftan Y., 'Gender and Travel Behavior in Two Arab Communities in Israel', Transportation Research Record, the Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2067, pp. 75-83, 2008.


35. Shiftan, Sharaby, and Solomon 'Transport Project Appraisal in Israel', Transportation Research Record, the Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2079, pp. 136-145, 2008.


36. Kaplan, S., Bekhor, S., and Shiftan, Y., 'Two-Stage Model Jointly Revealing Determinants of Non-Compensatory Conjunctive Choice Set Formation and Compensatory Choice'  Transportation Research Record, the Journal of the Transportation Research Board No. 2134, pp. 153-163, 2009.


37. Ben Elia, E, and Shiftan Y., 'Which road do I take? A learning-based model of route-choice behavior with real-time information'  Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice Vol. 44, No. 4, pp. 249-264, 2010.


38. Elias, W., Toledo, T. and Shiftan, Y., 'The effect of daily activity patterns on crash involvement', Accidents Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 42, pp 1682-1688, 2010


39. Bekhor, S. and Shiftan Y., 'Specification and estimation of mode choice models capturing Similarity between Mixed Auto and Transit Alternatives'.  Journal of Choice Modeling. Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 29-49, 2010


40. Kaplan, S., Bekhor, S., and Shiftan, Y., 'Eliciting and Estimating Reservation Price: A Semi-Compensatory Approach' Journal of Business Research, Vol. 64, No. 1, pp. 45-50, 2011.


41. Elias, W., Bekhor, S., and Shiftan, Y., 'Analysis of Travel Behavior in Arab Communities in Israel: A Comparison of Household Survey ' Journal of Transport Geography, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 162-169, 2011


42. Kaplan, S., Bekhor, S., and Shiftan Y., 'Development and estimation of a semi-compensatory residential choice model based on explicit choice protocols'.  the Annals of Regional Science, Vo. 47, No. 1, pp 51-80, 2011 


43. Elias, W., and Shiftan, Y.,' The Safety Impact of Land Use Changes Resulting from Bypass Road Constructions', Journal of Transport Geography, Vol. 19, pp. 1120-1129, 2011


44. Shiftan, Y., Bekhor, S., and Albert, G. 'Route Choice Behavior with Pre-Trip Travel Time Information', IET Intelligent Transportation Systems, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 183-189, 2011


45. Shiftan, Y., and Ben-Akiva, M., 'A Practical Policy-Sensitive, Activity-Based, Travel-Demand Model', the Annals of Regional Science, Vol. 47, No. 3, pp. 517-5412011


46. Shiftan, Y., Albert, G., and Keinan, T., 'The Impact of Company-Car Taxation Policy on Travel Behavior', Transport Policy, Vol. 19, pp. 139-146, 2012


47. Kaplan, S., Shiftan, Y., and Bekhor, S. 'Development and Estimation of a Semi-Compensatory Model with a Flexible Error Structure' Transportation Research B.  Vol. 46, No. 2 pp. 291-304., 2012


48. Sharaby, N., and Shiftan, Y., 'The Impact of Fare Integration on Travel Behavior and Transit Ridership', Transport Policy, Vol. 21, pp. 63-70, 2012


49. Kaplan, S., Bekhor, S., and Shiftan, Y. 'Web-based survey design for unraveling semi-compensatory choice in transport and urban planning' the journal of Transportation Planning and Technology, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 121-143, 2012.


50. Ishaq, R., Bekhor, S. and Shiftan, Y., 'Flexible Model Structure for Discrete Choice Models' Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Transport , Vol. 165, No. 1, pp. 39-47, 2012


51. Elias, W., and Shiftan, Y., 'The influence of individual's risk perception and attitudes on travel behavior' Transportation Research A. Vol. 46, No. 8, pp. 1241-1251, 2012.


52. Kaplan, S., Bekhor, S., and Shiftan, Y., 'Hybrid Compensatory-Noncompensatory Choice Set in Semicompensatory Models' Transportation Research RecordsJournal of the Transportation Research Board. Vol. 2322, pp. 10-19, 2012


53. Elias, W., and Shiftan, Y., 'Pedestrian road safety within the Israeli Arab minority sector and within the General Population of Jordan', Journal of Transport and Shipping (JTS), Iss. 5, pp. 28-48, 2012


54. Elias, W., Albert, G., and Shiftan, Y., 'Travel Behavior in the Face of Surface Transportation Terror Threats', Transport Policy, Vol. 28, pp. 114-1222013


55. Puzis, R, Altshuler, Y., Elovici, Y., Bekhor, S., Shiftan, Y., and Pentland, A., 'Augmented Betweenness Centrality for Environmentally-Aware Traffic Monitoring in Transportation Networks', Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems, Vol 17, No 1, pp. 91-105, 2013


56. Ishaq, R., Bekhor S., and Shiftan, Y., 'A Flexible Model Structure for Discrete Choice Models', Transportation, Vol. 40, No. 3, pp. 609-624, 2013


57. Ben-Elia, E., Ishaq, R., and Shiftan Y., 'If only I had taken the other road...: Regret, risk and reinforced learning in informed route-choice?' Transportation, Vol. 40, No. 2, pp. 269-293, 2013


58. Ben-Elia, E., Di Pace, R., Bifulco, G.N., and Shiftan, Y., 'The impact of travel information's accuracy on route-choice' Transportation Research C. Vol. 26,  pp. 146-159, 2013


59. Nahmias-Biran, B., Sharabi, N., and Shiftan, Y., 'Equity Aspects in Transportation Projects: Case Study of Transit Fare Change in Haifa', a special issue of the International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 69-83, 2014


60. Elias, W., and Shiftan, Y., 'Analyzing and Modeling Risk Exposure of Pedestrian Children to Involvement in Car Crashes' Accident Analysis & Prevention, Vol. 62, pp. 397-405, 2014


61. Albert, G., Hakkert, S., and Shiftan Y., 'Safety Implications of Company Cars - The Israeli Experience'. European Transport Research Review, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 93-102, 2014.


62. Ishaq, R., Bekhor, S., and Shiftan Y., 'Latent Class Model with Fuzzy Segmentation and Weighted Variables.'  accepted to Transportmetrica.


63. Naor, M., Bernardes, E., Druehl, C., and Shiftan, Y., 'Overcoming Barriers to Adoption of Environmentally-Friendly Innovations through Design and Strategy: Learning from the Failure of an Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Firm'. accepted to International Journal of Operations and Production Management.


64.        Shiftan, Y., Barlach, Y1., and Shefer, D., 'Measuring passenger loyalty to public transport models.' Journal of Public Transportation, Vol 18, No. 1, pp. 1-16, 2015


65.        Baron-Epel1, O., Bord, S., Elias, W.2, Zaritzki1, C., Shiftan, Y., Geser -Edelsberg, A., 'Alcohol consumption among Arabs in Israel: A qualitative study.' Substance Use and Misuse, Vol. 50, No. 2, pp. 268-273, 2015


66.        Elias, W2., Benjamin, J., and Shiftan, Y., 'Gender differences in activity and travel behavior in the Arab world.' Transport Policy, Vol. 44, No. 1, pp. 19-27, 2015


67.        Sznitman, S.R., Bord, S., Elias, W2., Gesser-Edelsburg, A., Shiftan, Y., Baron-Epel, O., 'Examining differences in drinking patterns among Jewish and Arab university students in Israel.' Ethnicity and Health, Vol. 20, No. 6, pp. 594-610, 2015


68.        Glickman, I1., Ishaq, R2., Katoshevski-Cavari, R. and Shiftan, Y. 'Integrating activity based travel demand models with land use and other long term life style decisions.' Journal of Transport and Land Use, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 71-93, 2015


69.        Shiftan, Y., Kheifits, L3., Sorani, M3., 'The impact of various sustainable transportation policies on travel and emissions using activity-based modeling.' Transportation Research Record, the Journal of the Transportation Research Board. Vol. 2531, pp. 93-102, 2015


70.        Elias, W2., Blank-Gomel, A3., Habib-Matar, C3., Shiftan, Y., 'Who are the traffic offenders among ethnic groups and why?' Accident Analysis & Prevention, 2016


71.        Zellner, M., Massey, D., Shiftan, Y., Levine, J., Arquero, M.J. 'Overcoming the last-mile problem with transportation and land-use improvements: an agent-based approach.' International Journal of Transportation. Special Issue on Agent Based Modeling in Transportation Planning and Operations, Vol. 4. No. 1, pp. 1-26, 2016


72.        Ho, C2., Mulley, C., Shiftan, Y., Hensher, D.A., 'Value of travel time savings for multiple occupant car: evidence from a group-based modeling approach.' Transportation Research A: Policy and Practice, Vol. 88, pp. 134-150, 2016


73.        Givoni, M., Beyazit, E., Shiftan, Y., ''The use of state-of-the-art transport models by policy makers - beauty in simplicity?' Planning Theory and Practice, Vol 17, No. 3, pp 385-404., 2016


74.        Toledo, G., Shiftan, Y. 'Can feedback from in-vehicle data recorded improve driver behavior and reduce fuel consumption'.  Transportation Research A., Vol. 94, pp. 194-204, 2016


75.        Nahmias-Biran, B.1, Shiftan, Y., 'Towards a More Equitable Distribution of Resources: Using Activity-Based Models and Subjective Well-Being Measures in Transport Project Evaluation, Transportation Research A. Vol. 94, Pages 672-684, 2016


76.        Nahmias-Biran, B., Martens, K., Shifan, Y., 'Integrating Equity in Transportation Project Assessment: A Philosophical Exploration and Its Practical Implications', Special issue on Transport Equity Analysis, Transportation Reviews, VOL. 37, NO. 2, pp. 192-210, 2017


77.        Floridea Di Ciommo & Yoram Shiftan, 'Transport Equity Analysis' Transport Reviews, 2017, VOL. 37, NO. 2, 139-151, 2017


78.        Sznitman, S.H., Bord, S. H.., Elias, W., Gesser-Edelsburg, A., Shiftan, Y., Baron-Epel, O, Cross-Cultural Validity in Self-Reported Alcohol Use,  Journal of  European Addiction Research. Vol. 23, No. 2, 2017


79.        Haboucha, C. J., Ishaq, R., Shiftan, Y., 'User preferences regarding autonomous vehicles, Transportation Research C No. 78, pp. 37-49, 2017


80.        Sharav, N., and Shiftan, Y., Evaluation of past investment in urban public transportation, Theoretical Economics Letters. Vol. 7, pp. 543-561, 2017


81.        Elias, W. Bord, S., Baron-Epel, O., Gesser- Edelsburg, A., Shiftan, Y., Factors influencing the decision to engage in alcohol-impaired driving among Arab-Israeli youths' Transportation Research F: Traffic Psychology and Behavior, Vol44, pp. 180-191, 2017


82.        DiCiommo, F., and Shiftan, Y., Transport Equity Analysis, Transport Reviews, Vol. 37, No. 2, pp 139-151, 2017


83.        Elias, W, Shiftan, Y., 'Ethnic groups differences in regard to social networks, daily activity patterns, and driving behavior'  Transportation Research F: Traffic Psychology and Behavior, Vol 46, Part B, pp. 316-328, 2017


84.        Etzioni, S., Erev, I., Ishaq, R., Elias, W., Shiftan Y., 'Self-Monitoring of Driving Speed' Accident Analysis & Prevention. Vol. Pages 76-81, 2017


85.        Sznitman, S.H., Bord, SH., Elias, W., Gesser-Edelsburg, A., Shiftan, Y., Baron-Epel, O, 'Examining the sociocultural sensitivity of subjective drunkenness: Comparing Arab and Jewish Israeli pub patrons', Drug and Alcohol Review. Vol. 36, No. 6, pp 813-819, 2017




Ph.D. Thesis Completed

1. Wafa Elias - Developing a Model to Evaluate the Various Effects of Bypasses, 2008. Today Wafa is the head of the Civil Engineering Department at SCE College of Engineering.


2. Eran Ben-Elia - On the value of adding behavioral insights into route choice models with real time information (Primary supervisor together with Prof Ido Erev as additional supervisor), 2008


3. Sigal Kaplan - Development of a Residential Choice Model Combining Behavioral and Micro-Economics Elements. (Primary supervisor with Shlomo Bekhor as additional supervisor), 2010. Today Sigal is an associate professor at Technical University of Denmark.


4. Yotam Barlach - The effect of public transport technology on mode choice, analyze the demand for BRT.  Supervisors: Daniel Shefer and Yoram Shiftan, (Today in charge of the travel demand modeling group in NTA, the company in charge of designing and building the mass transit system for Tel-Aviv/), 2011.


5. Galit Toledo - Modeling of Driving Behavior Using In-Vehicle Data Recorders, Supervisors: Yoram Shiftan and Shalom Hakkert, (today teaching at the West Galilee College), 2011


6. Robert Ishak - Flexible Model Structure For 'Activity Based Models, Supervisors: Yoram Shiftan and Shlomo Bekhor, (Today partially post doc at the Technion, partially free-lance consultant to the Ministry of Transport), 2011


7.         Bat-hen Nahmias-Biran, 2016 'Incorporating equity considerations in transport projects evaluation: developing a new measure.' Supervisor: Yoram Shiftan


8.         Tomer Shaby, 2016, 'A hybrid choice model of travel behavior under emergency and war situations.' Supervisor: Yoram Shiftan.


Ph.D. Thesis in Progress


8. Einat Tenenboim Reichenberg - Perceived travel time in the context of travel behavior, Supervisor: Yoram Shiftan.



10.        Nir Sharaby, 'Urban transport investments.' Supervisor: Yoram Shiftan.


11.        Elyakim Ben-Hakoun, 'Marine environment emissions reduction policy and its economic impact on international shipping.' Supervisor: Yoram Shiftan and Eddy Van de Voorde, University of Antwerp.


12.        Shelly Ben-Zvi, 'Modeling the effects of cross-cultural differences and psychological constructs on autonomous vehicle acceptance and willingness to use.' Supervisor: Yoram Shiftan.


13.        Inbal Glikman, 'The possible implications of Autonomous Vehicles on residential choice' Supervisor: Yoram Shiftan.


14.        Ayelet Kogus, 'The impact of online social networking on travel behavior' Supervisor: Yoram Shiftan.




M.Sc. Thesis Completed

1. Gali Avraham - The Effect of Transportation Control Measures on the Location of Businesses in the CBD.  Supervisors: Yoram Shiftan and Daniel Shefer. Winner of 'Keren Mifal Hapis' award ($4,000) for her thesis. (Today, an engineer in Mekorot), 1999


2. Ayelet Perber - Comparison between Selective Congestion Tolls and Fuel Tax, as Alternative Means to Reduce Traffic Congestion; Case Study: Haifa Metropolitan Area.  Supervisors: Daniel Shefer and Yoram Shiftan who replaced during Daniel's Sabbatical, 1999.


3. Ofir Mezer - Considerations for Roadside Safety Improvements. Supervisors: Shalom Hakkert and Yoram Shiftan, 1999


4. Eran Ben-Elia - Transportation Impact Statement (TIS) - A New Tool for Decision-Making in Land Use and Transportation Planning.  Supervisors: Daniel Shefer and Yoram Shiftan who replaced during Daniel's Sabbatical. (see Ph.D. section for today position), 2000


5. Rachel Burd-Eden - The Effect of Parking Policy on Travel Behavior to Business Districts, Supervisor: Yoram Shiftan(Today, an engineer at the Tel-Aviv Traffic Department of the Israel Police), 2000


6. Ruti Amir (Hebrew University) - The Effect of Improved Rail Connection between Tel-Aviv and Beer-Sheva.  Supervisors: Ilan Salamon, the Hebrew University and Yoram Shiftan (Today head of the Public Section Department at Netiveiy Ayalon Hwy, in charge of public transportation planning in the Tel-Aviv metropolitan area and the Tel-Aviv Activity Based Model.), 2001


7. Yotam Barlach - The Effect of Employment Site Characteristics on Commute Mode Choice, Supervisor: Yoram Shiftan(see Ph.D. section for today role), 2001


8. Pazit Hershkovich - Characteristics of work traveling patterns in metropolitan.  Supervisors: Joseph Prashker and Yoram Shiftan, 2001


9. Sigal Kaplan - Sustainable transportation - scenario analysis of transportation alternatives in the Tel-Aviv metropolitan area.  Supervisors: Yoram Shiftan and Shalom Hakkert. (see Ph.D. section for today role), 2001


10. Edi Benedit - Analysis of the Relationship between Monitored Air Pollution Levels and Transportation Variables, Supervisor: Yoram Shiftan. (Today a Ph.D. candidate at the Technion), 2001


11. Robert Ischak - Shopping Malls Trips: Characteristics and Destination Choice Behavior.  Supervisors: Joseph Prashker and Yoram Shiftan.  (see Ph.D. section for today role), 2001


12. Adrian Kutrosh - Analysis of Trip Generation Characteristics in Israel for the Years 1984, 1994 and Spatial and Temporal Transferability of Trip Generation Demand Models.  Supervisors: Joseph Prashker and Yoram Shiftan. (Till recently was the head of the research and development department of Netivei Israel, the Israel Department of Public Work.), 2002


13. Dani Chana - Transit communities for Israel: a response to urban sprawl.  Supervisors: Daniel Gat and Yoram Shiftan, 2002


14. Ihab Atalla - Comparison of Methods to Evaluate the Demand for New Transit Systems.   Supervisors: Joseph Prashker and Yoram Shiftan, 2002


15. Natallie Catz - The Effect of Residence Patterns on Trip Generation, Supervisor: Yoram Shiftan, 2002


16. Arnon Golani - The Effect of Transportation Control Measures on Traffic Congestion - Case Study: Tel-Aviv.  Winner of 'Keren Mifal Hapis' award ($4,000) for his thesis. Supervisors: Yoram Shiftan and Avishai Ceder who replaced during Sabbatical)(today a planner at PGL, the leading Israel consulting firm in transportation planning and modeling.), 2002


17. Hiba Waba - The effect of HOV lanes and parking regulation on businesses in the CBD. Supervisors: Yoram Shiftan and Avishai Ceder who replaced during Yoram's Sabbaticai, 2003


18. Anat Veis - Tour Generation Model for the Haifa Metropolitan Area. Supervisors: Yoram Shiftan and Shlomo Bekhor who replaced during Yoram's Sabbatical, 2004


19. Eran Riesfeld - Delay Analysis at Signalized Intersections and Development of Warrants for Interchanges on Rural Highways, Supervisors: Abishai Polus and Yoram Shiftan.(Today an engineer at the Israel Police), 2006


20. Pinchas Berger - Travel Demand and the Value of Time, Supervisors: Daniel Shefer and Yoram Shiftan, 2007


21. Issa Zananiri - Empirical Study on the Effects of Information and Communication Technology on Travel Behavior, Supervisors: Yoram Shiftan and Shlomo Bekhor(Today a modeler at Gal Consulting, a consulting company in Tel-Aviv.), 2007


22. Tamar Keinan - The Effect of Employer Car Taxation Policy on Car Ownership and Vehicle Kilometer Travel, Supervisor: Yoram Shiftan(Today, the general manager of Transportation Today and Tomorrow, an NGO promoting sustainable transportation development in Israel.), 2010


23. Bathen Nahmias - Biran - Equity Aspects in Transportation Projects: Case Study of Transit Fare Change in Haifa, Supervisor: Yoram Shiftan(today a Ph.D. candidate in the Technion.), 2011


24. Asaf Bar-Yosef (Tel-Aviv University) - Modeling vicious and virtuous dynamics of public transportation systems.  Supervisors: Itzhak Benenson and Karel Martens from Tel-Aviv University and Yoram Shiftan, 2013


25. Dan Golik - Relationships between vertical alignment and road accidents on two lane highways Supervisors: Abishai  Polus and Yoram Shiftan who replaced during Abishai's Sabbatical, 2013


26. Nitzan Beck - Is free park and ride shuttle is an alternative to the private car? Supervisors: Rachel Katoshevski-Cavari and Yoram Shiftan(Today, an engineer in Ami Matom, a consulting company.), 2013


27. Shelly Ben-Zvi - Implications of the description experience gap on road safety and driving behavior, Supervisors: Robert Ashaq and Yoram Shiftan (Thesis submitted), 2014


28.        Asaf Cahana, 2014, 'Assessing changeable travel demand and its integration into the transportation model.' Supervisors: Yoram Shiftan and Haim Aviram (currently a

transportation planner).


29.        Inbal Glikman, 2015, 'Integration of activity-based model with land use and other long-term decision models.' Supervisor: Yoram Shiftan.


30.        Rona Ben-Zion (Tel Aviv University), 2015, 'Comparison of the environmental impacts of various alternative transportation energy sources.' Supervisors: Yehuda Cahana (Tel Aviv University) and Yoram Shiftan.


31.        Omer Tzur, 2015, 'The role of travel demand models in policy making.' Supervisor: Yoram Shiftan.


32.        Reut Ben-Haim, 2015, 'Scenarios of the use of ICT and ITS and their impact on activity patterns and travel behavior.' Supervisor: Yoram Shiftan.


33.        Mimon Lior Vanunu, 2015, 'The effect of accessibility of the work place to public transportation on mode choice.' Supervisors: Rachel Katoshevski-Cavari and Yoram Shiftan.


34.        Chana Joanne Haboucha, 2016 'User preferences regarding autonomous vehicles: implications on private vehicle ownership.' Supervisors: Yoram Shiftan and Robert Ishaq.


35.        Tal Altshuler, 2016 'Flexible design model for urban public transportation systems.' Supervisors: Rachel Katoshevski-Cavari and Yoram Shiftan.


36.        Miguel Angel Loyola Borja, 2017, 'The value of reliability in public transport and its perception in different communities' Supervisors: Haim Aviram and Yoram Shiftan.